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    Harbin Academy of Agricultural Sciences

    INTRODUCTION

    Harbin Academy of Agricultural Sciences (HAAS) has successively integrated ten companies after being formally established in July 2002. It is the only comprehensive, pure public welfare and bureau-level public institution in Harbin that integrates "agriculture, science and education" with "production, learning and research". It won the National May 1st Labor Award. Located at 5399 Wanbao Avenue, Songbei District, it covers an area of 1.73 million square meters. It has 190 staff members, including 149 professional and technical personnel, of which: 73 hold senior titles, 83 hold doctor and master degrees, 6 experts from the State Council and provincial government, 3 provincial governor special award winners, 7 young and middle-aged experts with outstanding contributions in Harbin, 6 provincial, municipal leading talent team leader and reserve leaders respectively, as well as 38 municipal special correspondents of science and technology. There are 4 national agricultural science observation standard stations, 3 state-level bases, 1 post-doctoral research workstation, 4 provincial bases (such as Heilongjiang Postdoctoral Industry Base), 3 municipal centers, and 6 provincial and municipal leading talent teams. HAAS consists of 8 sub-institutions: the grain and economic crops research branch; the vegetables and flowers research branch; the aquaculture research branch; the agricultural mechanization research branch; agricultural education branch; the animal husbandry research branch; the rural economic research center and the breeding center in Hainan province. Additionally there are 4 internal institutions: the department of offices; the organization and personnel department; the science, research and education department and the financial audit department.

    Since the establishment of HAAS, it has undertaken more than 140 scientific research projects at the national, provincial and municipal levels, obtained more than 150 scientific research achievements, more than 153 awards, acquired 8 international flower registration rights, and 14 trademark registration certificates. There are 3 rights certificates to new plant varieties of the ministry of agriculture, 13 non- main crop variety registration certificates, 126 obtained patents, 63 new varieties have been approved(registered) in Heilongjiang province, and 8 SCI articles have been published. Among them: "the Construction of Modern Urban Agriculture Demonstration Garden in North Area" project won the first prize (progressed) of Heilongjiang provincial science and technology. It is the first agricultural project to get this honor by Harbin city since the founding of China; The "Harbin Snap Bean Breeding System and Seed-breeding Build" project won the special award from Heilongjiang’s provincial governor, this is the first agricultural project of Harbin Agricultural Front that won this honor. These have become two highlights with milestone significance in the development history of Harbin's agriculture. The project "Cultivation and Application in Production Research of Songpu Carp" won the first prize of Science and Technology Progress Award of Ministry of Agriculture. The project "Harbin Snap Bean Series Variety Breeding and Promotion" won the third prize of Shennong Chinese Agricultural Science and Technology Award of the Ministry of Agriculture.

    HAAS adheres to the spirit of "Truth-seeking, Innovation, Study and Dedication", and has creatively carried out various works around the four functions of: "Scientific research, Demonstration, Science popularization and Training", and has made remarkable achievements:

    Breeding research innovation: HAAS has bred many series of vegetables and flowers, such as the Harbin snap bean series, Hanong hybrid eggplant variety series, Habai series of Chinese cabbage varieties, Hatian series of melon varieties, Hayan series of cucumber varieties, Halixiang series of pumpkin varieties, tomato series, Hajiao series of hot(sweet) pepper varieties, Weimei flower series of petunias varieties, etc. And HAAS has bred series of Harbin japonica rice varieties with series of sticky corn varieties. These kinds of series have made outstanding contribution for Harbin, even Heilongjiang province's “vegetable basket” and “rice bag”. The bred snap bean "Jiangjun" has been listed as the national key promotion plan of the 10th Five-Year Plan and the national key new product, and also is the main variety of "North to South Vegetable Transport" and "South to North Vegetable Transport". The Harbin snap bean series is a beautiful "name card" of Longjiang characteristic vegetables. The quality of bred varieties Hayan No.1 fruit type cucumber and Hayan No.5 pickled type cucumber can be comparable to similar products in the world. The bred variety Hatian No. 3 triploid thin-skin muskmelon has filled in the blank of triploid muskmelon breeding technology in Heilongjiang province. The bred varieties Hanong hybrid Eggplant No. 1, Hajiao No. 1 and Hajiao No. 6 are the main cultivars in Heilongjiang Province. The bred tomato varieties have enriched the local tomato variety resources. The bred series of Harbin japonica rice varieties which adapted to the primary and secondary accumulative temperate zones were favored by the majority of farmers. The quality of Hanian sticky corn series was obviously better than that of the control variety. These bred varieties not only enrich the "vegetable basket" and "rice bag", but also accelerates the upgrading of local varieties. In addition, HAAS has created four "firsts" in the history of Heilongjiang aquaculture technology. It is the first time to find and secure the sturgeon in Songhua River. It is the first time to artificially propagate the sturgeon by using the technology of egg extraction in vivo in Harbin. It is the first long-distance and large-scale fish proliferation and release activity in Harbin since China was founded. It is the first time that HAAS has carried out the research of freshwater shrimp breeding and proliferation technology systematically, and has established the ecological breeding technology model suitable for freshwater shrimp in Northeast China. It has greatly expanded the high-quality rice planting area by the developed rice transplanting machine with high speed film mulching and suitable cultivation technology. The successful development of the whole process mechanized combined operation machine for potato sowing, fertilization and film mulching and the combined operation machine for shed tillage and land preparation have not only improved the level of mechanized farming but also reduced the agricultural production input. The proposed “develop urban agriculture vigorously” has been written into the tenth "five-year" and eleventh "five-year" development plan of Harbin.

    Demonstration and promotion: Every year, 700 to 800 new varieties such as ordinary corn, fresh corn, rice, vegetables and flowers will be demonstrated in HAAS, as well as 30 to 40 technologies such as aquaculture ecological health breeding technology, transferring rice pre-period nitrogen backward to post-period technology, rice seeding and irrigation according to weather, rice seeding according to weather and irrigation by well, and total corn straw returning to the field. To accelerate the achievement transformation, HAAS promotes the building of the outside base work since 2013, has set up more than 190 bases, provides varieties and technologies to farmers for free, has demonstrated more than 40 new varieties, more than 50 new technologies, and accumulates more than 33000 mu total area. HAAS has accomplished complete coverage of all research areas in nine districts and nine counties and cities. HAAS has been named "The National Demonstration Base of Modern Agricultural Science and Technology" and "The Heilongjiang Province Demonstration Base of Integration and Innovation of Modern Agricultural Science and Technology". HAAS is the first choice for provincial and municipal government departments to receive international friends in the field of agriculture, as the national demonstration unit of introducing foreign intelligence and the Harbin-Russia international cooperation center of modern agriculture focusing on cold climate agriculture, and has received more than 1,000 visitors of agricultural delegations from the United Nations, Russia, the United Kingdom, Iran, Brazil, Argentina, Uzbekistan, Botswana and other countries, as well as Taiwan.

    Science popularization and studies: In order to better spread the farming culture of Heilongjiang, HAAS has carried out remote synchronization growth, childhood experience, studies and practice activities facing nine districts’ middle and primary school and preschool children. The science-popularized number has reached more than 1million, and the studies number has reached more than 200,000. HAAS was named as “The National Popular Science Education Base”, as well as “The Heilongjiang Province Middle and Primary School Students’ Research and Practice Education Base”.

    Farmers training: In order to better serve "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", HAAS took the lead in setting up the "Farmers Science and Technology Leader Club" nationwide, which is committed to training agricultural talents who understand technology and can operate and manage well. It has trained more than 10,000 farmers who are "leaders" in science and technology, who are new professional farmers and are leaders in getting rich. Through the method of "invite up" classroom teaching + "go out" observation teaching + regular return visits after training, establish a long-term mechanism to serve "agriculture, rural areas and farmers". It took the lead in carrying out "1+1", "2+1" and "3+1" joint school educating with agricultural colleges and universities in Heilongjiang province, and jointly trained more than 15,000 "education + skills" talents. HAAS is rated as the Heilongjiang Province New Professional Farmer Cultivation Field School, the Heilongjiang Province Rural Surplus Labor Force Training Base and the Harbin City Female Agricultural Science and Technology Talents Training Base. At the same time, HAAS is also the bachelor and master students teaching practice base of Northeast Forestry University and Northeast Agricultural University, as well as the innovative practice demonstration base of modern agricultural machinery equipment postgraduate training of Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University.

    With “new start, new journey”, Harbin Academy of Agricultural Sciences will be more energetic in spirit, more solid in work style and more powerful in work measures, and devotes itself to tackling the "bottleneck" technology, innovating in thinking, condensing in heart and gathering strength, overcoming difficulties, and making greater contributions to the rural revitalization and agricultural modernization construction of Harbin City!


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